Articles / Germen


Subject / Ethnic culture/Ethnic communities

The Germans (their own native name is Deutsche) are an ethnic community which is a part of the polpulation of the Leningrad Oblast. The religious Germans are Lutherans and Catholics. The Germans are the main population of Germany. In Russian (in 2002) there were 597,2 thousand Germans including 2,4 thousand Germans in the Leningrad Oblast. Germans lived in Ingermanlandia among the population of Nyenschantz in the 17th century. Increasing in the number of Germans began in the 18th during the reforms of Peter I who invited experts from abroad. Among the Germans there were immigrants from the Baltic States and Germany. Germans lived in towns. A considerable part of landlords of the western uyezds of the Saint Petersburg gubernia (present Kingisepp, Volosovo districts) were Germans by birth (the Korffs, the Wrangels, the Weimarns and others). The Colonists were a special group among the German population. In 1897 in the Saint Petersburg gubernia there were 8,1 thousand Germans. German Lutheran parishes (Lutherans predominated among Germans in the Leningrad Oblast) were in the towns of Vyborg (see Saint Apostles Peter and Paul's Lutheran Church), Yamburg (Kingisepp), Kovalyovo Village (Smolnaya colony), villages of Novosaratovka (see Novosaratovkaya colony, St.Catherine's Lutheran Curch), Yanino, Kipen. Germans were a part of the church members (along with Finns and Estonians) of the churches of Gatchina Town (see Sainted Hierarch Nicholas's Lutheran Church), Druzhnaya Gorka Urban Settlement, Kobrino Village, Ruchyi Village (Lomonosov District). After 1917 there was reduction of the number of Germans. The Germans were deported from Leningrad and its environs in March 1942 (see Ethnic Deportation). In the 1980-90s a part of Germans repatriated to their native land.

Chistyakov, Anton Yuryevich

Korfs, the, barons
Peter I, Emperor
Weimarns, the
Wrangels, the

Leningrad Oblast, the/Gatchina District/Drruzhnaya Gorka Urban Settlement
Leningrad Oblast, the/Gatchina District/Gatchina Town
Historical Toponyms/Ingermanlandia (Ingria)
Leningrad Oblast, the/Kingisepp District
Leningrad Oblast, the/Lomonosov District/Kipen Village
Leningrad Oblast, the/Gatchina District/Kobrino Village
Leningrad Oblast, the/Vsevolozhsk District/Kovalevo Settlement
Historical Toponyms/Niyenshants
Leningrad Oblast, the/Vsevolozhsk District/Novosaratovka Village
Leningrad Oblast, the/Lomonosov District/Ruchyi, Village
Leningrad Oblast, the/Volosovo District
Leningrad Oblast, the/Vyborg District/Vyborg Town
Historical Toponyms/Yamburg Town
Historical Toponyms/Yanino, Village

Кёппен П.И. Об инородческом, преимущественно немецком населении С.-Петербургской губернии // Журнал Министерства внутренних дел. 1850. Ч. 32. Кн. 10., 181-209
Иванова Н.И. Немцы в Санкт-Петербурге и окрестностях. СПб., 1999., 181-209

Subject Index
Colonists (immigrants in Tsar Russia)
Ethnic deportations
Novosaratovka, a settlement of Germen-colonists
Smolny colony (Immigrant settlement) (the settlement of Kovalyovo)
The Lutheran Church of St. Catherine (Novosaratovka Village, Vsevolozhsk District)
The Lutheran Church of Sainted Hierach Nicholas (Gatchina Town)
The Lutheran Church of Sts. Peter and Paul (Vyborg Town)

Mentioned in articles:

Colonists (immigrants in Tsar Russia)
Colonists are a class group existed in the 18th - the early 20th century. Catherine II promulgated manifestoes (dated 4 December 1762 and 22 July 1763) allowed to foreigners to settle in Russia for rapid settlement of lands and development of... more

Ethnic deportations
Ethnic deportations are forced resettlement carried out according to an ethnic signs. In 1935-36 in the Leningrad Oblast there were some activities on purging the zone of land with 22 kilometres wide at the border with Finland "from kulak and... more

Ethnic groups if the Leningrad Oblast
Ethnic communities of the Leningrad Oblast. The settled communities of people historically formed on the certain territory, having the common features of culture and self-consciousness expressed in the native name are called an ethnic community (or... more

INGERMANLANDIA (Swed. Ingermanland, Rus. Izhora Land or Ingria), historic and cultural region in the western part of the Leningrad Oblast (Kingisepp, Volosovo, Lomonosov, Vsevolozhsk, Gatchina, Tosno, western part of Kirovsk Districts.) The western... more

Kingisepp District
KINGISEPP DISTRICT, a part of Leningrad Oblast. Population: 74,300, of which, 52,100 live in the adm. center Kingisepp Town. Area: 2842.1 sq. km. It has 191 rural settlements. It was established in 1927.It borders with Lomonosov, Volosovo, and... more

Novosaratovka, a settlement of Germen-colonists
Novosaratovskaya colony (the present village of Novosaratovka of Vsevolozhsk District) is a settlement of Germans - colonists on the right bank of the Neva River. It was founded by immigrants from Württemberg and Brandenburg in 1765. In the 18th... more

Resettlements of the 1945 - 1950s
Resettlements of the 1945 - 1950s were migrations which were caused by political (eviction of some categories of citizens who were considered as unreliable, including the activities for cleaning up the frontier) and economical (the necessity of... more

v. Sankt-Peterburg Gubernia, the
ST. PETERSBURG GUBERNIA, historic adm. and territorial unit of Russia. Established in 1708 by the decree of Peter I subdividing Russia into eight gubernias. It included the areas of the current Leningrad, Novgorod, Pskov, and Tver Oblasts, and... more