Articles / Kingisepp District

Kingisepp District

Subject / Topography/Administrative - territorial division

KINGISEPP DISTRICT, a part of Leningrad Oblast. Population: 74,300, of which, 52,100 live in the adm. center Kingisepp Town. Area: 2842.1 sq. km. It has 191 rural settlements. It was established in 1927.It borders with Lomonosov, Volosovo, and Slantsi Districts, and Estonia. The Tallinn highway extends across the district, and railways connect K. D. with St. Petersburg and Estonia. Since the 1990s, port facilities have been constructed in the Luga Bay, including the ferry complex “Ust-Luga – Baltiysk – German Ports” (see Ust-Luga.) The western part of K. D. is on the Prinarvskaya Lowland, and the eastern part, on the Izhora Hills. K. D. has many lakes: Lipovskoye, Beloye, Khabolovskoye, Sudachye, Babinskoye, Glubokoye, Kopanskoye. The main rivers are Luga, Narova, Rosson, Sista. Abt. 12% of the area is waterlogged. The district’s borders are established along the Narva Bay and the Gulf of Finland shores. K. D. also comprises islands of the Gulf of Finland (Hogland, Seskar, Moschny.) Among the valuable natural objects are karst springs near Velkota village, Lisyi Gory dunes near Kingisepp, and Devonian outcropping in the Khrevitsa River valley from Ivanovskoye village to its mouth. To preserve endangered animal and plant species, the “Kurgalsky”, “Kotelsky”, and “Oakwood near Velkota Village” reserves were established. Many archeological monuments have survived in the district’s area, related to medieval Baltic Finnish tribes, ancestors of Izhora and Vod, and to Slavs. Near Kaibolovo village, ruins of a town site dated early 13th century were found. In old village cemeteries (such Monastyrki and Myshkino villages) some stone graveyard crosses of the 15th – 16th centuries have preserved. In the 18th-19th centuries, nobility estates (country houses) appeared in the K. D. territory: Uteshenie, Velikino, Preobrazhenka, Sala, Lyalitsi, Marienhof, Novopyatnitskoye, Nezhinskaya (Nezhnovo) etc. The greatest architectural value is recognized in the Kotly estate and park ensemble. Since the 1960s, industry has been playing an important role in the district’s economy: the chemical, food, and fish processing industries (see Kingisepp) are active, loggings is going on, limestone deposits are developed. The main sector of agriculture is animal farming. K. D. (Kingisepp Town included) has 24 club-type institutions and 24 libraries, which are annually visited by 35,000 people (see Kingisepp children’s library, Kingisepp central district library, Kuzyomkino rural library.) Many rural libraries are centers of cultured leisure: the Pustomerzh rural library hosts assemblies of the local history club “Pustomerzh Land, My Homeland”, the Nezhnovo library, the art lovers club in the O. A. Kiprensky museum room, and the Ivanovskaya library, the senior citizens’ club “My Age Is My Treasure.” K. D. has the Kingisepp local history museum and the Izhora folk museum. There are regular events oriented at the revival of the cultures of smaller Finnish-speaking ethnic groups (see Izhora Festival, Luzhitsi.) The Vostochny Bereg and Vremya newspapers are published. Since 2002, the construction of an international touring center for 350 guests in Hogland Island has been going on; its first stage was commissioned in 2004 (hotel for 32 guests, moorage for 30 yachts or boats.) Orthodox parishes exist in Kingisepp, villages of Kotly, Opolye, Ruchyi, Ust-Luga and Ivanovskoye settlements (see also Cathedral of St. Catherine the Martyr, the Church of Michael Archangel in Udosolovo village, and the Church of St. Nicholas the Wonderworker in Kotly.) Parishes of the Evangelic Lutheran Church of Ingria are registered in Bolshoye Kuzyomkino village and Kingisepp Town. In the past, there were rural Lutheran churches in Kotly, Zaozerye (Soikino parish), Kallivere, and Novosyolki (defunct.) The parishioners of the Lutheran churches were Ingermanlandian Finns, Estonians, and Germans. The “New Life” center for social rehabilitation of drug addicts and alcoholics has been functioning in K. D. since 1995 (in Preobrazhenka village, moved to Kotly village in 1998.

Chistyakov, Anton Yuryevich

Kiprensky, Orest Adamovich

Topographical landmarks/Babinskoye Lake
Topographical landmarks/Beloye Lake (White Lake) (Kingisepp District)
Leningrad Oblast, the/Kingisepp District/Bolshoye Kuzemkino Village
Topographical landmarks/Glubokoye Lake (Deep Lake)
Topographical landmarks/Gofland Island
Topographical landmarks/Gulf of Finland, the
Leningrad Oblast, the/Kingisepp District/Ivanovskoye Settlement
Topographical landmarks/Izhora Hills, the
Leningrad Oblast, the/Kingisepp District/Kallivere Village
Leningrad Oblast, the/Kingisepp District/Kalozhitsi Village
Leningrad Oblast, the/Kingisepp District/Kaybolovo Village
Topographical landmarks/Khabolovoskoye Lake
Topographical landmarks/Khrevitsa River, the
Leningrad Oblast, the/Kingisepp District/Kingisepp Town
Topographical landmarks/Kopanskoye Lake
Leningrad Oblast, the/Kingisepp District/Kotli Village
Topographical landmarks/Lipovskoye Lake
Topographical landmarks/Luga Bay, the
Topographical landmarks/Luga River, the
Leningrad Oblast, the/Kingisepp District/Monastyrki Village
Topographical landmarks/Moshchny Island
Leningrad Oblast, the/Kingisepp District/Myshkino Village
Topographical landmarks/Narova River, the
Topographical landmarks/Narva, Gulf of , the
Leningrad Oblast, the/Kingisepp District/Novoselki Village
Leningrad Oblast, the/Kingisepp District/Opolye Village
Leningrad Oblast, the/Kingisepp District/Preobrazheka Settlement
Topographical landmarks/Prinarvskaya Lowland, the
Topographical landmarks/Rosson River, the
Leningrad Oblast, the/Kingisepp District/Ruchyi Village
Topographical landmarks/Seskar Island
Topographical landmarks/Sista River, the
Topographical landmarks/Sudachye Lake
Leningrad Oblast, the/Kingisepp District/Udosolovo Village
Leningrad Oblast, the/Kingisepp District/Ust-Luga Settlement
Leningrad Oblast, the/Kingisepp District/Ust-Luga Settlement
Leningrad Oblast, the/Kingisepp District/Velkota Village
Leningrad Oblast, the/Kingisepp District/Zaozerye Village

Жулев П.И. Очерк истории Кингисеппского уезда и города Кингисеппа (бывшего Яма – Ямбурга). Кингисепп, 1924
Мурашова Н.В. Дворянские усадьбы Санкт-Петербургской губернии: Кингисеппский район /Н.В.Мурашова, Л.П. Мыслина. – СПб.: 2003.- 288 с.: ил.
Культура Ленинградской области на рубеже тысячелетий. СПб., 2003, 58-59

Subject Index
Cemetery (Monastyrki Village)
Cemetery (Myshkino Village)
Clubs of Enthusiasts
Clubs of Enthusiasts
Evangelical-Lutheran Church of Ingria
Fortified ancient settlements
Holiday of Luzhitsa Village
Ivanovskoye Settlement Rural Library, the
Izhora festival
Izhora (Izhora men)
Izhora Popular Museum, the
Kingisepp Children Library, the
Kingisepp Museum od the Local History, the
Kingisepp Town Library, the
"Kotelsky", a reserve
Kotli, a country estate
"Kurgalsky", a reserve
Kuzyemkino Rural Library, the
Lyalitsi, a country estate
Marienhof, a country estate
Nezhinskaya, a country estate
Nezhnovo Rural Library, the
Novopyatnitskoye, a country estate
"Oak forests near the village Velkota", a reserve
Preobrazhenka, a country estate
"Pustomelzha District is My Native Land" , a local history club
Pustomerzha Village Rural Library, the
Sala, a country estate
The Cathedral of St. Catherine, Great Martyr (Kingisepp Town)
The Church of the Intercession of the Mother of God (Kalozhitsu Village, Kingisepp District)
The Church of Sainted Hierach Nicholas the Wonderworker (Kotly Village, Kingisepp District)
The Church of the Archangel Michael (Udosolovo Village, Kingisepp District)
Utesheniye, a country estate
Velikina, a country estate
Vod (Votes)
"Vostochny Bereg" ("The East Bank"), a newspaper
"Vremya" ("The Time"), a newspaper