Articles / Ethnic groups if the Leningrad Oblast

Ethnic groups if the Leningrad Oblast

Subject / Ethnic culture/Ethnic communities
Subject / Ethnic culture//

Ethnic communities of the Leningrad Oblast. The settled communities of people historically formed on the certain territory, having the common features of culture and self-consciousness expressed in the native name are called an ethnic community (or ethnic groups, nations). Self-consciousness or identity is the main sign of an ethnic community. The territory of the Leningrad Oblast were historically a zone of the contact of Finno-Ugric nations and Slavs (Russians). Some archaeological finds are evidence of earliest phases of ethnogenesis (forming ethnic communities) (see Relics, Old Russian Burial Mounds, Votes' Burial Grounds, Izhora's Burial Grounds, Karelians' Burial Grounds). Nowadays in the Leningrad Oblast the Baltic-Finnic ethnic communities live: Finns of Ingermanlandia, Izhora, Votes, Estonians, Veps, Karelians. In the beginning of the 20th century on the territory of the Leningrad Oblast there were such considerable Indo-European ethnic community as Germans, Swedes (especially in the town of Vyborg), Latvians, Gypsies. In some towns the Jew lived. The Soviet Finnish War of 1939-40 led to the full change of the ethnic compisition of the population of the Karelian Isthmus (present Vyborg and Priozersk districts). After evacuation of local people (mainly Finns, also Swedes, Russians) deep into Finland the deserted territories were settled by Russians from different regions of Russia. Processes of urbanization, voluntary migrations, and also ethnic deportation (touched the Finns of Ingermanlandia, Izhora, Votes, Germans). Nowadays in the Leningrad Oblast Russians are overwhelming majority of the population (there are lots of people coming from other regions).

Chistyakov, Anton Yuryevich

Neighbouring Territories/Finland
Leningrad Oblast, the/Priozersk District
Leningrad Oblast, the/Vyborg District
Leningrad Oblast, the/Vyborg District/Vyborg Town

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Subject Index
Archaeological monuments
Burial grounds of the Izhora people.
Burial grounds of the Karelian people.
Burial grounds of the Vod people.
Finns of Ingermanlandia
Izhora (Izhora men)
Old Russian Kurgans (barrows)
Vod (Votes)